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Members

The following information should be used as a guide for assistance, as always please consult your physician, police, firemen, and/or emergency squad for any further assistance.

  1. What should I do if I or someone else needs any medical assistant or an ambulance immediately?
  2. What should I do if the weather is severe and I need to venture out?
  3. What should I do if I experience a power failure?
  4. What if I experience flooding problems in my home?
  5. What should I do if I think someone has experienced an electric shock?
  6. What if I discover a gas leak?
  7. What if I receive a bomb threat call?
  8. What should I do if I become stranded in an elevator?
  9. What should I do if I discover someone else is stranded in an elevator?
  10. What if I experience a brownout?
  11. What should I do if I discover a hazardous spill or see an area that has become hazardous due to chemicals or weather related?
  12. What should I do if I discover a fire?
  13. What should I do if I am trapped in a burning building?
  14. What should I do after I have experienced a fire in my home or business?
  15. Is my home safe to live in after a fire?
  16. Where can I go for assistance after a fire?
  17. Are open fires allowed in the Town of Eden?
  18. How is the fire put under controlled?
  19. What is fire insurance?
  20. Where is the best location for a smoke detector in my home?
  21. What is Carbon Monoxide and why do I need a detector as such?
  22. Is it really needed to practice a fire drill in my home?
  23. What are some Kitchen Fire Safety tips?
  24. What some holiday season safety precautions I should follow?

What should I do if I discover a fire?

If You Discover a Fire

  • Remove everyone from the area

  • Dial 911 or if in a building with fire alarms then sound the nearest fire alarm

  • State your name
  • State your exact or approximate location of and extent of fire (large, smoldering rags, etc.)
  • State if applicable, the nature of disability you or someone else may have, or of the need for an ambulance.

  • Close doors to isolate area

  • Evacuate the building, CALMLY, by following EXIT signs to nearest fire exits,

  • DO NOT USE ELEVATORS. Persons with disabilities or in wheelchairs should remain in fire towers (someone should remain with them) until help arrives.

  • Remain on the scene, but at a safe distance, to receive and direct fire fighters when they arrive.

  • If you are a supervisor, try to account for your employees and report any missing persons to the emergency personnel at the scene.
  • Do not re-enter the building until directed to do so.

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    What should I do if I am trapped in a burning building?

  • Always feel the door before opening, if it is hot to the touch, DO NOT OPEN.

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  • Seal cracks in doors to prevent smoke from seeping into room.

  • Open window for ventilation.

  • If there is a phone in room, call fire department. If no phone, wave cloth out of window to signal for help.

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    What should I do after I have experienced a fire in my home or business?

  • Secure the site.
  • Make sure all entrances and exits to your home and/or business can be locked or secured. It is the owner's responsibility to cover any windows and/or doors that are broken or holes that may be open to protect against vandalism or weather conditions.
  • Remove any of your valuables if you are unable to remain in the home.
  • Contact your Insurance agency.
  • Contact your local police department. Back to Top of Page

    Is my home safe to live in after a fire?

  • This of course depends on the extent of your damage. Be watchful for rekindling of hidden smoldering remains.
  • Electrical wiring within the home or business may have experienced water damage and should be checked by an electrician before the current is restored.
  • Due to water damage and/or the burning of structural forms, roofs and floors your home or business may not be safe, contact a local contractor for safety measures.
  • Discard any food, beverages and medicines that have been exposed to any heat, smoke or soot.
  • Refrigerators or freezers which have not been open will maintain their temperature for a certain period of time. If any items have thawed, do not attempt to refreeze.
  • Contact your local Police Department if you will not be remaining in your home or business so that they may keep an eye on your property during its' vacancy. You may also want to contact your neighbor, utility companies (telephone, gas, electric, water), mail services and newspaper delivery if you will not be at home for any length of time.
  • Remember to take not only your valuables (checkbooks, insurance policies, credit cards, jewelry) with you, but any necessities such as eyeglasses, hearing aids, prosthetic devices or vital medicines.

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    Where can I go for assistance after a fire?

  • The American Red Cross or the Salvation Army will assist you if you are in need of temporary housing, food, clothing, or medicines that you have lossed as a result of the fire. Back to Top of Page

    Are open fires allowed in the Town of Eden?

    The Town of Eden does allow open fires as long as you are not burning garbage, waste, leaves and are not causing a nuisance of smoke to your neighbor.

    Please note: Burning Leaves in New York State -- IS BANNED Effective Immediately - Fines imposed range from $375.00 - $15,000. This is enforced in the Town of Eden, NY.

    Open Fires regulations are governed by NY State. If you have a question about this law, inquiries should be made to Enviromental Conservation, Air Resources at 857-7130.

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    How is the fire put under controlled?

    Fighting the Fire
    Most fire fighting consists of applying water to the burning material, cooling it to the point at which combustion is no longer self-sustaining. Fires involving flammable liquids, certain chemicals, and combustible metals often require special extinguishing agents and techniques. With some fuels the use of water may actually be dangerous. (1993-1996 Microsoft Corporation-Encarta-'97)

    The basic tactics of fighting a fire can be divided into the following categories: rescue operations, protection of buildings exposed to the fire, confinement of the fire, extinguishing the fire, and salvage operations. The officer in charge, usually designated as the fireground commander, surveys the area and evaluates the relative importance of these categories. The commander also estimates what additional assistance or apparatus may be needed. Rescue operations are always given priority. Fire fighter safety has assumed increasing importance.
    Once the fireground commander has appraised the situation, fire fighters and equipment are deployed. Pumper, ladder, and other truck companies, as well as rescue squads, are assigned to different areas of the fire, usually in accordance with the number and types of hose streams the fireground commander considers necessary to control the fire and prevent its spread.

    In accordance with standard procedure for first alarms, fire companies go immediately to their assigned locations without waiting for specific orders. Special plans cover contingencies such as a fire covering a large area, a large building, or a particularly hazardous location. Usually on a first alarm one of the pumpers attacks the fire as quickly as possible, using preconnected hose lines supplied by the water tank in the truck, while larger hose lines are being attached to the hydrants. Members of the ladder and rescue companies force their way into the building, search for victims, ventilate the structure-break windows or cut holes in the roof to allow smoke and heat to escape-and perform salvage operations. Ventilating the structure helps to advance the hose lines with greater safety and ease, and also serves to safeguard persons who may still be trapped in the building.

    Temperatures within a burning building may exceed 815 C (1500 F). Brightly burning fires principally generate heat, but smoldering fires also produce combustible gases that need only additional oxygen to burn with explosive force. The hazards to which fire fighters and occupants of a burning building are exposed include the breathing of superheated air, toxic smoke and gases, and oxygen-deficient air, as well as burns, injuries from jumping or falling, broken glass, falling objects, or collapsing structures. Handling a hose is difficult even before the line is charged with water under pressure. Nozzle reaction forces can amount to several hundred pounds, requiring the efforts of several people to direct a stream of water. (1993-1996 Microsoft Corporation-Encarta-'97)

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    What is fire insurance?

    Fire Insurance, insurance obtained by owners of homes and commercial properties to provide reimbursement in case of losses resulting from fire. Such insurance is supplied in exchange for the payment of a premium. The five types of insurers who write policies are stock companies, mutual companies, reciprocal exchanges, Lloyd's organizations, and advance premium cooperatives (see Insurance). Most of the fire insurance in the U.S. is underwritten by stock companies. Some business firms, however, are self-insurers; that is, they set aside funds to be used exclusively for indemnifying losses resulting from fire.(1993-1996 Microsoft Corporation-Encarta-'97)

    Insurance Policies
    The basic fire-insurance policy covers losses resulting directly from damage or destruction by fire or lightning. In the early 1900s, insurance companies in the U.S. first offered, for an additional premium, to extend the coverage of fire-insurance policies to other perils by the use of an endorsement on the policy. By the late 1920s these additional perils were incorporated into a so-called extended-coverage endorsement. Extended coverage at present includes the perils of damage by windstorm, hail, explosion, riot, strikes, civil commotion, aircraft, vehicles, and smoke. The endorsement may also be extended further.

    In fire insurance the premium rates are of two kinds: class rates and schedule rates. Dwellings are largely class rated; that is, they are grouped into fairly homogeneous categories according to the type of occupancy, type of construction, and type of community fire protection. A uniform rate is applied to all risks in the same category. Commercial and industrial properties, which vary greatly in respect to degree of hazard, are usually schedule rated. In schedule rating the individual physical characteristics of each risk are appraised according to a schedule of charges and credits. The elements considered in the rating include occupancy, construction, internal protection, community fire protection, and exposure from neighboring buildings.

    The frequently used homeowners package policy combines fire, extended coverage and other perils, theft, and comprehensive personal liability into one policy. This results in a savings to the policyholder and eliminates overlapping coverages. Similar package policies are available for commercial use.

    In recent years many owners of residential and business properties in congested inner-city areas have been unable to obtain adequate insurance coverage for fire, vandalism, burglary, and theft. The Federal Housing and Urban Development Act of 1968 encouraged insurance companies and state regulatory authorities, through a federal program of reinsurance, to set up Fair Access to Insurance Requirements plans, through which residents of low-income areas may obtain the insurance they need. If damage is caused by riot or civil commotion, the federal government will reimburse the insurance company for its losses. (1993-1996 Microsoft Corporation-Encarta-'97)

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    What are some Kitchen Fire Safety tips?

    One fifth of all home fires start in the kitchen. Watch what you place on the stove. You should never put anything on the stove that you don't want to cook. Keep pot handles on the stove point to the back. Never pour water on a grease fire, and always have a fire extinguisher handy.

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    What some holiday season safety precautions I should follow?

    Protect your family against fire this Holiday season. Fire safety may be compromised with the addition of decorations throughout the home. Be Careful not to overload circuits with added plugs for lights. Make sure real trees basins are always filled with water. Throw out your real tree before the pine needles become dried up. Exercise caution when placing lights on the tree that the lights are away from wrapping paper of packages under the tree, curtains hanging, and even your woodwork or molding.

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    Is it really necessary to practice a fire drill in my home?

    Yes!!! To avoid confusion and lack of communication at a crucial time, it is important to have your plan in place. It is important to have and alternate escape route from every room of your house, especially your bedrooms. Decide on a meeting place for all family members away from the house, and most important practice, practice, practice! There isn't much time to escape in an actual fire and practice will save you precious time.

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    Where is the best location for a smoke detector in my home?

    INSTALL SMOKE DETECTORS ON EVERY LEVEL OF YOUR HOME. Smoke is responsible for 3 out of 4 fire related deaths. Remember to test all smoke detectors once a month and replace batteries once a year, usually when you turn your clocks.

    A smoke alarm can only sound when smoke reaches its sensor. In a three-level home that means smoke from a basement fire would not trigger an alarm until fire spread up two floors, which may not give you time for a safe escape. Early warning is why it's so important to have smoke alarms on every level of your home, and one in each bedroom and bedroom hallway. In a fire there is little time to get your family to safety. The earlier the warning, the better your chances of a safe escape.

    The National Fire Protection Agency and the Eden Fire Department suggest installing smoke alarms:
    1. On each level of your home
    2. In every bedroom
    3. In corridors outside the bedrooms
    4. Above stairwells

    For best performance, follow these installation guidelines:
    1. Mount smoke alarms in the middle of the ceiling if possible. If not, mount them on the wall at least three feet from any corner, and four to six inches from the ceiling.
    2. Do not install smoke alarms where drafts from fans of air ducts can reach them.The moving air can blow smoke away from the alarm's sensor.
    3. To avoid "nuisance alarms" (like those caused by cooking smoke), keep alarms at least ten feet from stoves and steamy showers.

    Proper maintenance is the key to long life:
    1. Test smoke alarm every week
    2. Replace batteries twice a year, a good rule of thumb is to change the batteries in your smoke alarms when you change you clocks.
    3. Vacuum the outside cover regularly to remove dust and dirt particles
    4. Smoke alarms that are more than 10 years old should be replaced

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    What is Carbon Monoxide and why do I need a detector as such?

    Carbon monoxide (CO) is a colorless, odorless deadly gas. Because you can't see, taste or smell it, carbon monoxide can kill you before you know that it is there. Everyone is at risk for carbon monoxide poisoning. Medical experts believe, however, that individuals with greater oxygen requirements such as unborn babies, infants, children, senior citizens and people with coronary or respiratory problems are at greater risk.

    The great danger of carbon monoxide is its attraction to hemoglobin in the bloodstream. When breathed in, carbon monoxide bonds with hemoglobin in the blood, displacing the oxygen which cells need to function. When CO is present in the air, it rapidly accumulates in the blood, forming a toxic compound known as carboxyhemoglobin (COHb). Carboxyhemoglobin causes symptoms similar to the flu, such as headache, fatigue, nausea, dizzy spells, confusion, and irritability. As levels of COHb increase, vomiting, loss of consciousness and eventually brain damage or death can result.

    Carbon monoxide is a by-product of incomplete combustion, present whenever fuel is burned. It is produced by common home appliances, such as gas or oil furnaces, clothes dryers, ranges, ovens, water heaters or unvented space heaters, fireplaces, charcoal grills and wood burning stoves. Fumes from automobiles also contain carbon monoxide and can enter a home through walls or doorways if a car is left running in an attached garage.

    All of these sources contribute to a CO problem in the home. If a home is vented properly and is free from appliance malfunctions, air pressure fluctuations or airway, venting or chimney blockages, carbon monoxide will most likely be safely vented to the outside. But energy-efficient insulation meant to keep warm air in during winter months and cool air in during summer months could cause carbon monoxide to be trapped inside.

    Furnace heat exchangers can crack, vents and chimneys can become blocked, disconnected or corroded; inadequate air supply for combustion appliances can cause conditions know as downdrafting or reverse stacking, which force CO contamination air back into the home.

    The Consumer Product Safety Commission (CPSC) recommends installing at least one carbon monoxide detector with an audible alarm near the sleeping area. A detector on every level and in every bedroom provides extra protection. Remember, a carbon monoxide detector is a purchase that could save your life. Select an Underwriters Laboratories Inc. (UL) listed detector. For an extra margin of safety, chose a self-powered, extra sensitive unit that responds to lower levels of carbon monoxide and protects even during power outages.

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    1. WHAT SHOULD I DO IF I OR SOMEONE ELSE NEEDS ANY MEDICAL ASSISTANT OR AN AMBULANCE IMMEDIATELY?

  • Dial 911 and give your name and telephone number
  • Description of situation (severe bleeding, heart attack, etc.)
  • Exact location of victim
  • Name of victim
  • Have someone at entrance of home or building to direct ambulance squad
  • Check for "medic alert tag" (around neck, wrist, or in wallet or purse regarding special medical problems)
  • DO NOT MOVE VICTIM unless necessary to prevent further injury. First aid should only be given to victim by a competently trained person.

  • Keep victim comfortable until medical help arrives.

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    2. WHAT SHOULD I DO IF I DISCOVER A FIRE?

    If You Discover a Fire

  • Remove everyone from the area

  • Dial 911 or if in a building with fire alarms then sound the nearest fire alarm

  • State your name
  • State your exact or approximate location of and extent of fire (large, smoldering rags, etc.)
  • State if applicable, the nature of disability you or someone else may have, or of the need for an ambulance.

  • Close doors to isolate area

    Evacuate the building, CALMLY, by following EXIT signs to nearest fire exits,

  • DO NOT USE ELEVATORS. Persons with disabilities or in wheelchairs should remain in fire towers (someone should remain with them) until help arrives.

  • Remain on the scene, but at a safe distance, to receive and direct fire fighters when they arrive.

  • If you are a supervisor, try to account for your employees and report any missing persons to the emergency personnel at the scene.
  • Do not re-enter the building until directed to do so.

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    3. WHAT SHOULD I DO IF I AM TRAPPED IN A BURNING BUILDING?

  • Always feel the door before opening, if it is hot to the touch, DO NOT OPEN.

  • Seal cracks in doors to prevent smoke from seeping into room.

  • Open window for ventilation.

  • If there is a phone in room, call fire department. If no phone, wave cloth out of window to signal for help.

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    4. WHAT SHOULD I DO IF I THINK SOMEONE HAS HAD AN ELECTRIC SHOCK?

  • Never touch a person who is in direct contact with an electrical current.
  • TURN THE POWER OFF FIRST or you may be seriously injured.
  • If power cannot be immediately turned off, use a dry non-conductive pole, board or loop of rope to pull the victim away from the electrical source.
  • Dial 911 yourself to obtain medical help.
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    5. WHAT IF I DISCOVER A GAS LEAK?

    If the odor of natural gas (ethyl mercaptain) is detected and the source cannot be readily determined and the flow of gas stopped:

  • Dial 911 State your name and exact or approximate location of odor.
  • Extinguish all flames in area.
  • Avoid turning light switches on or off
  • Turn off all spark generating equipment (pumps, fans, etc.)
  • Increase ventilation in area by opening windows

    **** EVACUATE BUILDING IMMEDIATELY****

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    6. WHAT SHOULD I DO IF I RECEIVE A BOMB THREAT CALL?

    If you receive a bomb threat call:

  • Be Calm. Be courteous. LISTEN. Do not interrupt the caller.
  • If possible, have someone call Eden Police at 911 or (716) 992-9211 while caller is still on the line. If this is not possible, call immediately after caller hangs up.
  • Keep caller on the line as long as possible. Pretend difficulty with hearing.
  • If building is occupied, inform caller that detonation of a bomb will cause injury or death to many people.
  • Write down as much of the following information as you can obtain. Keep book with you if building is evacuated:
  • What is the exact location of the bomb? (bldg., floor, room?)
  • What time will it go off?
  • What kind of bomb is it?
  • What size is it?
  • What does it look like?
  • Is there any special way to identify it?
  • In what part of the building is it likely to be?
  • Why did you place the bomb?
  • Try to determine the following: (Circle the appropriate)
  • Caller identity: Male, Female, Adult, Juvenile, Approx. Age
  • Voice: Loud, Soft, Deep, Raspy, Pleasant, Other
  • Accent: Local, Foreign, Regional, Southern, NY
  • Speech: Fast, Slow, Distinct, Distorted, Stutter, Nasal, Slurred, Lisp
  • Language: Excellent, Good, Fair, Poor, Foul, Other
  • Manner: Calm Angry Irrational Rational Coherent Incoherent Deliberate Emotional Righteous Laughing Intoxicated
  • Provide Eden Police/Eden Disaster Preparedness Committee or Security personnel with the above information
  • Evacuate the building immediately if an explosion appears imminent, or the exact location of the bomb is given in the call.

    Searching for Bomb

    **** It is not your responsibility to risk your life searching for the bomb!

    **** DO NOT TOUCH ANY UNUSUAL OBJECTS OR PACKAGES!

    **** Leave the job to the professionals!

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    1. WHAT SHOULD I DO IF I DISCOVER SOMEONE ELSE IS STRANDED IN AN ELEVATOR?

    If a person becomes stranded in an elevator:

  • Give reassurance to the person or persons until help has been obtained.
  • Do not attempt to force the doors open.
  • Call either maintenance or security for immediate assistance.

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    8. WHAT SHOULD I DO IF I BECOME STRANDED IN AN ELEVATOR?

  • Remain calm and do not panic. You will probably be freed in a matter of minutes.
  • Push emergency button to alert others of your situation
  • If emergency bell does not operate, use emergency phone
  • If neither of the above operate or cannot be located:
  • try calling out to persons in the building
  • use whistle or other noise making device
  • strike door of elevator with shoe or other hard object

    Note:- The maintenance and inspection of the elevators may be the responsibilities of an outside elevator maintenance company. Inspections are routinely performed by their personnel. Elevator inspection certificates are usually on file at either a human resource office or police department within the building.

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    9. WHAT SHOULD I DO IF I EXPERIENCE A POWER FAILURE?

    If a blackout occurs without warning:

  • Turn off all light switches. The voltage may fluctuate and damage any lights that are on.
  • Set all equipment and appliance switches to the OFF position. This is to protect against kicking out the circuit breakers, blowing fuses, or damaging equipment when the full surge of current hits as the power comes back on.
  • Take measures to protect your equipment or experiments. Remember that air operated controls and water pressure may be affected.
  • Extinguish all flames in laboratory buildings.
  • Increase ventilation by opening all windows. If the failure lasts more than a few minutes, it will be necessary to evacuate persons from darkened areas (restrooms, stairwells, other areas with no windows or natural lighting.)
  • To prevent the Eden Police Department from being overwhelmed with calls, the Eden Disaster Preparedness Committee will be notified and may assist in the assessment of the duration of the outage if on a community wide basis. If the failure is to be lengthy, the Eden Town Supervisor will decide on continued operations and should a driving ban be placed in effect. Laboratory buildings may have to be evacuated shortly after a blackout in order to minimize risks to personnel resulting from inoperative fume hoods.
  • Report all persons trapped in elevators to (716)992-9211 or 911
  • If it becomes necessary to evacuate the premises during a blackout, be sure to protect all valuables and make sure that all equipment is safe when the power comes back on.

    10. WHAT IF I EXPERIENCE A BROWNOUT?

    During periods of very heavy power usage, the Niagara Mohawk Company may have to reduce voltage. This is commonly call a "brownout" and may occur during periods of high air conditioner usage. In the event of a brownout, the following steps should be taken.

  • Turn off all lights and equipment not necessary for safe operation.
  • Turn off all window area conditioners. Central air conditioning may have to be shut down, however, general ventilation will be maintained in centrally air conditioned buildings at diminished levels.
  • Identify equipment which may be sensitive to low voltage, and take positive steps to prevent its damage.

    Full cooperation during a brownout is extremely important. Such co-operation may possibly prevent the loss of all electrical power.

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    11. WHAT IF I DISCOVER MY HOME HAS BEEN FLOODED?

    Upon the discovery of a flooded area in a home:

  • STAY OUT OF AREA. DO NOT ENTER UNTIL ELECTRICAL POWER HAS BEEN TURNED OFF. There is an extreme danger of electrical shock if the water has contacted any electrical devices.
  • Call 911 if you feel that you are in danger.
  • Post adults at all entrances to the flooded area to prevent entry by children.
  • Homeowners will be responsible for pumping water out of the area. Identify a temporary shelter to house water soaked materials.
  • You may contact the Eden Drainage Committee for further assistance or evaluation into the causes of your flooding problems.

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    12. WHAT SHOULD I DO IF THE WEATHER IS SEVERE AND I NEED TO VENTURE OUT?

    In the event of extremely adverse weather conditions occurring during non-working hours, the local radio and television stations will broadcast school closings. It is the responsibility of the Eden Town Supervisor to determine if a driving ban is warranted.

    During normal working hours, the decision to close the offices of the Schools in Eden early and/or cancel classes is the responsibility of the Superintendent of the Eden Schools. The Personnel Department and staff will communciate such information to the parents, the various organizational units and/or radio/television stations to the best of their capability.

    If you or someone in your home needs medical attention or medication, please contact either the Eden Police Department or the Eden Disaster Preparedness Committee at 911.

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    13. WHAT SHOULD I DO IF I DISCOVER A HAZARDOUS SPILL OR SEE AN AN AREA THAT HAS BECOME HAZARDOUS DUE TO CHEMICALS OR WEATHER RELATED?

    Specific locations of ice, snow or water accumulation which may create serious hazards for pedestrians, motor vehicles, or hamper egress from buildings, should be reported promptly to the Eden Police Department and/or the Eden Disaster Preparedness Committee at 911 or (716) 992-9211.

    In the event of discovery of Hazardous Spills, stay out and immediately notified the Eden Police Department and/or the Eden Disaster Preparedness Committee at 911 or (716) 992-9211.

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  • Disaster can strike anytime - are you prepared?